It is known fact that scholarly manuscripts are written based on the thorough review of previously published articles. So it is difficult to make a clear boundary between legitimate representation and plagiarism. However, Abyssinia Journal of Science and Technology & Abyssinia Journal of Business and Social Sciences identifies the following different kinds of plagiarism:
- Without proper acknowledgement, reproduction of words, sentences, ideas or findings as one’s own
- Self-plagiarism is a kind of text recycling, whereas author uses former publication content in prospective publication without proper citation and acknowledgement of the original source
- Poor paraphrasing is a copying of complete paragraphs and replacing the synonyms of respective words without altering the structure of the original sentences in one way and in other way altering the structure of the sentence but not the words
- Precise copying of text without any quotation marks and not acknowledging the work of the original author
- Properly mentioning original work but poorly paraphrasing the original text is reflected as unintentional plagiarism. Authors should either paraphrase properly or quote and in either or both cases, acknowledgement to the original source is a must.
- Higher similarity in different content of the manuscript such as abstract, introduction, materials and methods, and discussion and conclusion sections denotes that the manuscript may contain plagiarized text. However, authors can easily explain these parts of the manuscript on their own. However, technical terms and sometimes standard procedures cannot be rephrased; therefore, editors should review these sections carefully before making any decision.